moquito biting on arm

Mosquito Control

Haley Pest Control offers XMosquito misting systems to keep mosquito's away from your yard. Xmosquito systems are a highly effective mosquito, fly and gnat outdoor treatment. The system applies a advanced misting technology system and a patent pending light sensor technology "Dusk-Dawn" that will rid your property of  mosquito's, gnats and flies.

 

Protecting Yourself from Mosquito Bites
Use Insect Repellent on exposed skin when you go outdoors. Use an EPA-registered insect repellent such as those with DEET, picaridin or oil of lemon eucalyptus. Even a short time being outdoors can be long enough to get a mosquito bite.


Apply insect repellent to exposed skin. Generally, the more active ingredient a repellent contains the longer it can protect you from mosquito bites. A higher percentage of active ingredient in a repellent does not mean that your protection is better—just that it will last longer. Choose a repellent that provides protection for the amount of time that you will be outdoors. Avoid applying high-concentration (>30% DEET) products to the skin, particularly on children. Repellents may irritate the eyes and mouth, so avoid applying repellent to the hands of children.


Clothing Can Help Reduce Mosquito Bites
When weather permits, wear long-sleeves, long pants and socks when outdoors. Mosquitoes may bite through thin clothing, so spraying clothes with repellent containing permethrin or another EPA-registered repellent will give extra protection. Don't apply repellents containing permethrin directly to skin. Do not spray repellent on the skin under your clothing.


Be Aware of Peak Mosquito Hours
The hours from dusk to dawn are peak biting times for many species of mosquitoes. Take extra care to use repellent and protective clothing during evening and early morning -- or consider avoiding outdoor activities during these times.


Homeowners can take the following steps to prevent mosquito breeding on their own property:
Install or repair window and door screens so that mosquitoes cannot get indoors. Help reduce the number of mosquitoes in areas outdoors where you work or play, by draining sources of standing water. In this way, you reduce the number of places mosquitoes can lay their eggs and breed. At least once or twice a week, empty water from flower pots, pet food and water dishes, birdbaths, swimming pool covers, buckets, barrels, and cans. Check for clogged rain gutters and clean them out. Remove discarded tires, and other items that could collect water. Be sure to check for containers or trash in places that may be hard to see, such as under bushes or under your home.

 

 Habitat
Larvae and pupae live in water, usually still water. They do not survive well in rushing streams or badly polluted water. Adults hide in vegetation near water or in cool, damp places. Many species fly in search of blood meals in the evening. Mosquitoes grow through an egg, larva, pupa to adult stage. The larvae and pupae are aquatic, the adults are free flying. At 80° F the larva goes through four larval instars in about 4 days before pupating. The pupa takes three days before the adult emerges.

 

Some species have naturally adapted to go through their entire life cycle in as little as four days or as long as one month.

 

Adult females live several weeks if given a source of sugar. Females also feed on blood which is needed to produce eggs. Some species can produce eggs without a blood meal. Males usually live less than a week and do not feed on blood.


How far can mosquitoes fly?
Mosquito species preferring to breed around the house, like the Asian Tiger Mosquito, have limited flight ranges of about 300 feet. Most species have flight ranges of 1-3 miles. Certain large pool breeders in the Midwest are often found up to 7 miles from known breeding spots.


Mosquito-Borne Diseases
Mosquitoes cause more human suffering than any other organism -- over one million people die from mosquito-borne diseases every year. Not only can mosquitoes carry diseases that afflict humans, they also transmit several diseases and parasites that dogs and horses are very susceptible to. These include dog heartworm, West Nile virus (WNV) and Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE). In addition, mosquito bites can cause severe skin irritation through an allergic reaction to the mosquito's saliva - this is what causes the red bump and itching.

Mosquito vectored diseases include protozoan diseases, i.e., malaria, filarial diseases such as dog heartworm, and viruses such as dengue, encephalitis and yellow fever. CDC Travelers' Health provides information on travel to destinations where human-borne diseases might be a problem.
West Nile Virus
According to the Centers for Disease Control since 1999 in the state of Kansas there have been 17 human cases of Encephalitis/Meningitis 13 cases of Fever and 4 deaths from the West Nile Virus. Similar to other encephalitis's, it is cycled between birds and mosquitoes and transmitted to mammals (including horses) and man by infected mosquitoes. WNV might be described in one of four illnesses: West Nile Fever might be the least severe in characterized by fever, headache, tiredness and aches or a rash. Sort of like the "flu". This might last a few days or several weeks.

 

 The other types are grouped as "neuroinvasive disease" which affects the nervous system; West Nile encephalitis which affects the brain and West Nile meningitis (meningoencephalitis) which is an inflammation of the brain, spinal cord and membrane around it.
Malaria
It was by and large eradicated in the temperate area of the world during the 20th century with the advent of DDT and other organochlorine and organophosphate mosquito control insecticides. However, more than three million deaths and 300 - 500 million cases are still reported annually in the world. It is reported that malaria kills one child every 40 seconds.

 heartworm life cycle
Dog Heartworm


Dog heartworm can be a life-threatening disease for canines. The disease is caused by a roundworm. Dogs and sometimes other animals such as cats, foxes and raccoons are infected with the worm through the bite of a mosquito carrying the larvae of the worm. It is dependent on both the mammal and the mosquito to fulfill its lifecycle. The young worms (called microfilaria) circulate in the blood stream of the dog. These worms must infect a mosquito in order to complete their lifecycle.


Cat Heartworm
Heartworm disease is not just a canine disease. Heartworms affect cats differently than dogs, but the disease they cause is equally serious. Heartworm larvae induce an intense inflammatory response in the blood vessels and tissues in the lungs. Once an adult worm dies, after 1-2 years, there is an additional intense inflammatory reaction resulting in acute lung injury. Don't think that your cat is safe if it is an inside only cat. In a recent study 28% of the cats infected by heart worm disease were inside only cats.


Dengue
Dengue is a serious arboviral disease of the Americas, Asia and Africa. Although it has a low mortality, dengue has very uncomfortable symptoms and has become more serious, both in frequency and mortality, in recent years. Over the last 16 years dengue has become more common, for example; in south Texas 55 cases were reported in 1999 causing one death.

 
Yellow fever
Yellow fever, which has a 400-year history, occurs only in tropical areas of Africa and the Americas. It has both an urban and jungle cycle. Every year about 200,000 cases occur with 30,000 deaths in 33 countries.

 
Haley Pest Control offers Mosquito Control in Lawrence, KS  and in Topeka, Kansas, Baldwin, Eudora, Overland Park, Olathe, Lenexa, Leawood, Shawnee Mission, Stanley, Ottawa, Kansas City, Basehor, Linwood, Tonganoxie, Mclouth, and Perry-Lecompton. We offer Pest Management and Exterminator services for the following counties: Douglas, Johnson, Jefferson, Franklin, Shawnee, Wyandotte and Leavenworth, KS

 


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